Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD)

Autumn On the Farm


Tod was an avid self-taught artist who has won numerous awards at local exhibits. He painted with a brush inserted into a specially designed mouthpiece. Family and friends helped by opening and changing paints.


Blake created this artwork at age 17 for the 1999 MDA Holiday Wishes card collection. He and his family have been active in MDA activities locally for many years.

Ajo Historical Society


Jose's artwork was created in an MDA-sponsored children's art workshop held January 23, 1993, at the Arizona State University Art Building in Tempe, Arizona.  It has been shown in several exhibits and was featured in a holiday card.

Abstract Puzzle


Matt has been painting for several years.  His favorite subjects are computer graphics, history and biology.  Matt had artwork chosen for display at the Falls Church High School annual exhibit in 2007.  He scans many of his pieces of artwork and uses them for notecards and holiday cards.

A Calm Beautiful Autumn Day


Robin created this painting at age 17 at an MDA-sponsored workshop held at the Methodist Hospital in Houston.  In high school student, he won school awards for his artwork.  He also was a member of the National Honor Society and a National Merit Scholarship semi-finalist.  Robin attended the University of Houston.

DMD: Phase 2 Exon-Skipping Trial Launched

Updated: View MDA's video about the launch of the eteplirsen trial on YouTube.


MDA-supported investigators are actively pursuing several approaches to halt or reverse the muscle damage caused by Duchenne muscular dystrophy.

Some of the front-running strategies include: inserting new dystrophin genes; changing the way cells interpret genetic instructions; changing the mutated dystrophin gene itself; manipulating other proteins in the body to compensate for the lack of dystrophin; increasing blood flow to skeletal muscles and the heart; combating inflammation; and using stem cells to repair damaged muscles.

Signs and Symptoms

boy with enlarged calf muscles
Boys with DMD often have enlarged calf muscles.

Children with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) are often late walkers.

Hey! I'm Here Too!

It's not easy when your brother has muscular dystrophy. His illness might bring up thoughts and feelings that upset you. There may be questions you don't know the answers to. You might be shy about asking those questions and about asking for help because your brother needs so much attention.

This brochure was written especially for you. It will help you let people know, "Hey! I'm here, too!"

Last Updated: 
Fri, 04/02/1999 - 09:00


In the early stages, Duchenne MD affects the shoulder and upper arm muscles and the muscles of the hips and thighs. These weaknesses lead to difficulty in rising from the floor, climbing stairs, maintaining balance and raising the arms.